Study of phytochemical characteristics Artemisia persica Boiss in Ilam Province

Document Type : Original Article


1 Professor in Agronomy Dept., Ramin University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ahwaz, I.R. Iran

2 Msc. Agronomy and Iran nanotechnology laboratory network chromatography Experts Workgroup , Ramin University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ahwaz, I.R. Iran


Background and aims: The genus Artemisia is one of the largest and most widely distributed of the nearly 100 genera in the tribe Anthemideae of the Asteraceae (Compositae). 34 species of Artemisia have been reported in Iran. Several secondary metabolites characterize the chemical composition of the genus Artemisia. Therefore, the current study aimed to phytochemical Characteristics of Artemisia persica Boiss collected from the Farm and natural habitat of Ilam.
Methods: The aerial parts of plants were collected from Farm and Kabirkooh mountain. After extraction of Artemisinin, the analysis was performed with an HPLC system. Extraction of essential oil it was done by hydro distilled. Phytocomponents identified in Artemisia persica Boiss essential oils by GC/MS system.
Results: The essential oil yield was reported in Kabirkooh mountain and Farm 0.92 % and 0.6%, respectively. The major oil compounds of samples of Artemisia persica Boiss collected were included: α-Pinene, 1,8-Cineole, (Z)-Sabinene hydrate, (E)-Pinocarveol, Pinocarvone, Artedouglasia oxide C, Laciniata furanone E, Artedouglasia oxide D, Artedouglasia oxide B. The Artemisinin was 2.7 ppm in the Kabirkooh mountain sample. However the Farm sample had 1.5 ppm.
Conclusions: To achieve the appropriate level of the target compounds it is important to considered an appropriate place for sampling.


Main Subjects

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