The essential oil compositions of wild celery (Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff.), an Iranian endemic plant

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Shahrekord University

2 Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences

Abstract

Background and aim: Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff. is an Iranian endangered endemic plant which widely used in the Central Zagros region of Iran as spice and medicinal herb for inflammatory and cardiovascular purposes. The aim of this study was to assess the essential oil compositions of Birahgan ecotype of K. odoratissima in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. Methods: this is a fundamental research .The aerial parts of K. odoratissima were collected from Birahgan ecotype then were dried. The essential oils were obtained by hydro-distillation and were analyzed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. Results: Twenty-four compounds were identified, of which the major components were found to be Z-ligustilide (64.3%), 2-octen-1-ol acetate (12.0%), (Z)-3-butyldiene phthalide (4.5%), menthyl acetate (3.0%), α-copaene (2.8%), δ-cadinene (2.2%), neo-menthol (1.6%), menthol (1.5%) and α-cadinene (1.5%). Phthalides are rich in the essential oil of K. odoratissima. The group of phthalides was included as Z-ligustilide, E-ligustilide, (Z)-3-Butyldiene phthalide and (E)-3-Butyldiene phthalide, which these compounds formed (70.10%) major content of all identified components. Conclusion: Like other ecotypes, the ecotype of Birahgan is a rich source of Z-ligustilide and phthalide that can be used in the pharmaceutical industries.

Keywords

Main Subjects


1. Omidbaigi R, Sefidkon F, Saeedi K. Essential oil content and composition of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff as an Iranian endemic plant. J Essent Oil Bear Pl. 2008; 11(6): 594-7.
2. Pirbalouti AG, Aghaee K, Kashi A, Malekpoor F. Chemical composition of the essential oil of wild and cultivated plant populations of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff. J Med Plants Res. 2012; 6(3): 449-54.
3. Yazdanpanah E, Jahantab E, Javdani Z. The introduction of medicinal plants of Delafrooz Mountain in the central Zagros (Kohgiluyeh region, Iran) for local jobs. Int J Agri Crop Sci. 2013; 5(11): 1232.
4. Pirbalouti AG, Setayesh M, Siahpoosh A, Mashayekhi H. Antioxidant activity, total phenolic and flavonoids contents of three herbs used as condiments and additives in pickles products. Herba Pol. 2013; 59(3): 51-62.
5. Ahmadi F, Kadivar M, Shahedi M. Antioxidant activity of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff. in model and food systems. Food Chem. 2007; 105(1): 57-64.
6. JahantabA E, SepehriB A, BaraniC H, Aryan YQ, FarajolahiE A. An Introduction on the Endangered Medicinal Species of Mountain’s Kelavs (Kelussia Odoratissima Mozaff.) in Central Zagros in Kohgiluyeh Region, Iran. J Range Sci. 2011; 2(1).
7. Sureshjani MH, Yazdi FT, Mortazavi SA, Behbahani BA, Shahidi F. Antimicrobial effects of Kelussia odoratissima extracts against food borne and food spoilage bacteria" in vitro". J Paramed Sci. 2014; 5(2).
8. Raiesi S, Nadjafi F, Hadian J, Kanani MR, Ayyari M. Autecological and phytochemical studies of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff. An endangered ethnomedicinal plant of Iran. J Biolog Act Nat. 2013; 3(4): 285-94.
9. Sajjadi S, Shokoohinia Y, Mehramiri P. Isolation and characterization of steroids, phthalide and essential oil of the fruits of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff., an endemic mountain celery. Res Pharm Sci. 2013; 8(1): 35.
10. Minaiyan M, Sajadi S-E, Naderi N, Taheri D. Anti-Inflammatory effect of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff. hydroalcoholic extract on acetic acid-induced acute colitis in rats. J Rep Pharm Sci. 2014; 3(1): 28-35.
11. Rabbani M, Sajjadi SE, Sadeghi M. Chemical composition of the essential oil from Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff, and the evaluation of its sedative and anxiolytic effects in mice. Clin. 2011; 66(5): 843-8.
12. Askari-Khorasgani O, Mortazaeinezhad F. Chemical composition of wild celery (Kelussia odoratissima) cultured in-vitro and from its local habitat. J Essent Oil Bear PL. 2015; 18(2): 489-95.
13. Shahrani M, Asgari A, Gheshlaghi ZA, Parvin N, Nasri P, Shirzad H, et al. Effect of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaffarian on lipid and glucose profile. Shiraz E-Med J. 2015; 16(8).
14. Pirbalouti AG, Malekpoor F, Enteshari S, Yousefi M, Momtaz H, Hamedi B. Antibacterial activity of some folklore medicinal plants used by Bakhtiari tribal in Southwest Iran. Int J Biol. 2010; 2(2): 55.
15. Vatandoost H, Dehkordi AS, Sadeghi S, Davari B, Karimian F, Abai M, et al. Identification of chemical constituents and larvicidal activity of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaffarian essential oil against two mosquito vectors Anopheles stephensi and Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae). Exp Parasitol. 2012; 132(4): 470-4.
16. Pirbalouti AG, Malekpoor F, Hamedi B. Ethnobotany and antimicrobial activity of medicinal plants of Bakhtiari Zagross mountains, Iran. J Med Plants Res. 2012; 6(5): 675-9.
17. Ahmadipour B, Hassanpour H, Asadi E, Khajali F, Rafiei F, Khajali F. Kelussia odoratissima Mozzaf–A promising medicinal herb to prevent pulmonary hypertension in broiler chickens reared at high altitude. J Ethnopharmacol. 2015; 159: 49-54.
18. Raeisi S, Mirjalili MH, Nadjafi F, Hadian J. Variability in the essential oil content and composition in different plant organs of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff. (Apiaceae) growing wild in Iran. J Essent Oil Res. 2015: 1-6.
19. Kuang X, Du JR, Liu YX, Zhang GY, Peng HY. Postischemic administration of Z-Ligustilide ameliorates cognitive dysfunction and brain damage induced by permanent forebrain ischemia in rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2008; 88(3): 213-21.
20. Adams RP. Identification of essential oil components by gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry. USA: Allured Pub Corp; 2007.
21. Shojaei ZA, Ebrahimi A, Salimi M. Chemical composition of three ecotypes of wild celery (Kelussia odoratissima). J Herb Spices Med Plants. 2011; 17(1): 62-8.
22. Haj HV, Ghannadi A, Soltani L. Analgesic and antiinflammatory effects of Amirkabiria odoratissima. 2003.
23. Etebari M, Sajjadi SE, Jafarian-Dehkordi A, Panahi M. Antigenotoxic effects of methanolic and aqueous extracts of Kelussia Odoratissima Mozaffarian against damage induced by methyl methanesulfonate. J Isfahan Med Sch. 2013; 30(215).
24. Behagh A, Gh N, Jaafarian A, Asgarian N. Evaluation of fibrinolytic effect of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff. J Med Plants. 2006; 4(13): 19-25.
25. Roghani M. Baluch Nejad Mojarrad T, Ramezani M. Evaluation of chronic oral administration effect of aerial part of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff. on learning and memory in diabetic wistar rats. J Med Plants. 2008; 7(27): 98-105.
26. shahrani M, Rafieyan M, pile varian A, shirzad H, hashem zade M, yousefi H et al . The effect of Amirkabiria odoratissima M extract on gastric acid and pepsin secretion level in rat. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2007; 8(4): 88-95
27. Rafieian M, Shahrani M, Pilehvarian A, Kheyri S, Rabiei R, Moumeni A, et al. Effect of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaffarian (KOM) on hyperlipidemia: a clinical trial study. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2009, 10(Suppl 1): 70 -76.
28. Chao WW, Lin BF. Bioactivities of major constituents isolated from Angelica sinensis (Danggui). Chin Med. 2011; 6: 29.
29. Esmaeili A, Sharafian S, Mirian S, Larijani K. Chemical composition of essential oil from leaves, stems and flowers of Kelussia odoratissima mozaff. grown in Iran. J Essent Oil Bear Pl. 2011; 14(5): 643-6.